Tibet Buddhism, also called Lamaism, formed in the 10th century, however
Buddhism was introduced into Tibet in the 7th century under the reign of
King Songtsen Gampo (?- 649 or 650 AD). He married Nepalese Princess and
Chinese Princess who were both Buddhists and brought with them many Buddhist
scriptures and statues.
Basically, the Tibetan climate is not as harsh as many people imagine it
to be. The best time of year to be in Tibet is from April to the beginning
of November, after which temperatures start to plummet.
Present hada is a common practice among the Tibetan people to express their
best wishes on many occasions, such as wedding ceremonies, festivals, visiting
the elders and the betters, and entertaining guests. The white hada, a long
narrow scarf made of silk, embodies purity and good fortune.
In Tibet, there are many festivals throughout the year that attract the
faithful as well as curious onlookers. Dancing monks can be seen in the
Year End Festival (February-March) held to dispel the evil of the old year
and auspiciously usher in the new one; Losar (New Year Festival) is a colorful
week of activities (February-March), including Tibetan drama, pilgrims making
incense offerings and Tibetans dressed in their finest crowding the streets;
cham dancing and chang drinking are the order of the day at the Tsurphu
Festival (May-June) - the highlight is the dance of the Karmapa.
From the view of earth science, Tibet plateau is one of the most interesting
regions in the world. It is the highest plateau in the world, with an average
altitude 4,500 meters. Tibet Plateau has many firsts as following: It has
the highest mountains in the world Mt. Qomolangma 8,850 meters.
Located in the southwest frontier of the People's Republic of China, Tibet
Autonomous Region has an area of over 1.2 million square kilometers., which
makes up one-eighth of the total national area, only second to Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region. With the average elevation of over 4,000 meters,
Tibet is the plateau region with the largest space and the highest sea level
in the world, which is dubbed "the World Ridge" and "the
Third Pole on the Globe".
Tibetan history can be traced thousands of years back. However, the written
history only dates back to the 7th century when Songtsan Gampo, the 33rd
Tibetan king, sent his minister Sambhota to India to study Sanskrit who
on his return invented the present Tibetan script based on Sanskrit.
Tibet is surely a destination apart from most in the world, the rolling
hills of the high plateau and the stunning Himalayas are none to any. Today
in the age of information with jet aircraft, highways and the net work of
computers, mysterious places are rare to be found. But, Tibet is an exception.
Refereed as Shangri La, The Forbidden Land, The Roof of the World and by
many more, the mysterious Buddhist Kingdom remained long closed to foreigners,
exerting a strong hold on the imagination of the world.
Tibet has fairly complete types of land resource tapping and utilization:
farmland, garden land, forest land, pastoral land, urban and mineral land,
communications land, water area and uncultivated land.
The majority of Tibet's population of 1,890,000 is Tibetans. Tibet is so
thinly populated that it averages out 1.6 8 persons per square kilometers.
About 90% of the people live on farming and husbandry. Farmers live in the
valleys of Tsangpo River (Brahmapotra) and its major tributaries Kyichu
Tibet is located in the southwest of China. It formally belonged to the
domain of the Yuan Dynasty in the mid-thirteenth century. Although China
has undertaken changes and replacements of Dynasties and central governments
in Chinese history, Tibet has always been under the control by the central
government and been an inseparable part of China.